About the Chairman
UN Quadrennial Report
Robert Pritchard
The Panamerican-Panafrican Association`s
NITIGE Group (New International Trade Imperatives for a Global Economy) and the International Trade Consultants Group (The Pa/Pa`s ITCG)
The NITIGE GROUP (New International Trade Imperatives for a Global Economy) and the ITCG (International Trade Consultant`s Group) were established under the leadership of Dr. Robert Starling Pritchard and a distinguished international and American "inclusive" group of advocates for the expansion of equitable economic relations between the world`s great market economy nations and the emerging new market LDC`s in the Americas, Africa, Asia and the Middle East
Black History Month
Slavery Revisited in the Middle East
Origins of the BHMO
Kevin John Powell
Student  Exchange
Cultural Exchange
Economic Development
& International Trade
Pa/Pa Japan
Pa/Pa Links
Pa/Pa Core Administrative Group
Pa/Pa Executives Appointed to Board of Bedford International Financial Corporation
Shina, Inc.
Ode to Peace
At its inception, the NITIGE Group and the Pa/Pa`s ITCG concentrated on market research, new global economic public advocacy and international trade conferences expounding "mutuality of benefit" in equitable economic exchange relationships between developed and emerging market economy societies.
Today, the Pa/Pa`s ITCG`s services are avidly sought by international traders in both LDCs and developed countries. An ubiquitous array of Buyers and Seller who have benefited from the consultants services of the ITCG view their unique experiences as those which have contributed to their expanded awareness of business opportunities with entrepreneurs in LDCs and the concomitant potential for significant profits from import/export ventures, investment and limitless joint venture and other developmental projects.
Less than a year after the 1968 founding of the Panamerican Association, Inc. in New York City by Dr. Robert Starling Pritchard (USA) and Dr. Francisco Curt Lange (Uruguay, SA), and the establishment in Washington, D.C. of its successor organization, the Panamerican-Panafrican Association, Inc. embarked on a program of innovative international trade conferences often in association with parastatal official bodies and private sector major business organizations. Those early and unique Panamerican-Panafrican Association economic exchange encounters were enthusiastically referenced by many of their international and American "inclusive" conference delegates as a first experience at an international trade conference organized in a manner to promote actual commodities negotiations on the conference floor.
The following is an excerpted quote from Dr. Pritchard`s prepared statement in support of the NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) which appeared in the published record of the Congressional Hearings before the Subcommittee on Trade of the U.S. House Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives (103rd Congress) September, 1993. This excerpt reveals both the pragmatic and social conscious views of its author who is known to proudly state that he shares the responsible views of those who hold that there is no inherent conflict in the emerging New Global Economic Order Free Market Realities and the ideal of socially responsible  conduct in international trade and domestic business.
In a speech from which the following quote was taken, Dr. Pritchard introduces the quote with:
"The dynamics-of-life of the body economique can in one fundamental regard be compared to the dynamics-of-life of the human body as well as that of the collective society.
Should illness constrict the free and equitable flow of blood to all human body parts, limbs and extremities, the unnourished areas will sooner than later atrophy. Eventually corruption and disease will claim the entire body, and the body will die.
As blood is to the human body, and its equitable distribution necessary to the health of the entire body, so is the equitable distribution of the wealth of a nation necessary to the health and quality of the life of its peoples."
The NITIGE Group and the Pa/Pa`s ITCG hold that the greatest challenge of the emerging New Global Economic Order can be found in the potential of wealth through enterprise to equitably address the subsistence needs of humankind, whilst providing equitable opportunity for private accumulation of wealth according to the abilities of achievers inspired with the spirit of the interdependence of nations and humankind.
The NITIGE Group holds that these new economic problem sensitivities are sine qua non requirements for the guarantee of equity of access to the New Global Economic Order for all trading representatives of the world`s diverse peoples.
The following brief chronology of the accomplishments of The Panamerican-Panafrican Association has been set forth to provide both Buyers and Sellers of LDC and major market economy businesses with an understanding of the holistic economic, political and cultural sensitivities which are inherent in THE NITIGE GROUP'S successful approaches to Buyer-Seller negotiations in the new global economic environment.
R.S. Pritchard serves as advisor to Liberian President William Tubman on cultural and economic development.
R.S. Pritchard serves as advisor to the President of Haiti on cultural and economic development.
R.S. Pritchard organizes Liberian iron ore sales to the Netherlands and Sweden and initiates the establishment of the first Liberian Old Age Pension Fund.
R.S. Pritchard participates in the establishment of the Lagos, Nigeria Stock Exchange.
R.S. Pritchard serves as consultant to the Ministers of the Federation du Mali (subsequently, the independent countries of Mali and Senegal) to develop cultural programs for economic development and the tourist industry in the form of the $30 million funded Premier Festival Mondial des Arts Negres.
As a cultural enterprise enhancement for general economic development, R.S. Pritchard authors the proposal for the First World Festival of Negro Arts, Dakar, Senegal which was implemented in 1966 by the Government of Senegal and UNESCO.
The Panamerican Association is established in New York City and Washington, D.C. as the precursor to the Panamerican-Panafrican Association (Pa/Pa) in Washington, D.C.
The Pa/Pa, in cooperation with the American Management Association and Eastern Airlines, organizes a conference on 'The Role of American Industry in Inter-American Cultural Exchange" at the American Institute of Foreign Trade in Phoenix, Arizona. Conference promotes better trade relations between North and South American business interests and developes one of the first programmes in the U.S. to encourage understanding of cultural differences as an asset for greater foreign trade relations. Conference influences reversal of trend to nationalize American businesses in Latin America.
The Pa/Pa serves as Economic Development Advisor to the Haitian Embassy in Washington, D.C. in the promotion of foreign investment in Haiti. Contributes to altering public opinion and official U.S. policy towards Haiti prompting 500 small-to-large American businesses to invest in that country.
The Pa/Pa brokers on behalf of the government of Zambia the purchase of 60 tractor trailers from the Ford Motor Company's trading outlet in New York City. Trucks used for the transport of copper ore to the Port of Dar-Es-Salaam after Prime Minister Ian Smith closes the Southern Rhodesian border prior to the completion of the construction of the Tanzam Railroad. (The Tanzam
Railroad was a joint project between the Chinese, Tanzanian and Zambian governments.)
The Chairman of the Pa/Pa serves as advisor to the Hon. Sam Nujoma (former SWAPO leader and current President of Namibia)
The Chairman of the Pa/Pa serves as advisor to the late Hon. Augustino Neto (the first President of Angola).
The Chairman of the Pa/Pa serves as advisor to former President of Zambia, Dr. Kenneth David Kaunda.
The Pa/Pa sponsors mini-Economic Exchange and International Trade Dinner Symposium at New York City's Park Lane Hotel attended by the Foreign Minister of Zambia, the Hon. Vernon Mwale, his UN Mission entourage, and CEO representatives of the American Management Association.
The Pa/Pa serves as consultant to Agway Corporation, U.S.A. in establishing dairy industry in Nigeria and the purchasing of Nigerian oil.
 The Pa/Pa is among the first American organizations to publicly recommend the lifting of the trade embargo against Cuba. Pa/Pa Chairman Pritchard
accepts invitation to lead a delegation of OAU Ambassadors to the UN sponsored anti-Apartheid conference in Havana.
 The Pa/Pa serves as consultant to the American Saturn Automotive Parts Co. in establishment of automobile ignition parts company in Lagos, Nigeria.
 The Pa/Pa sponsors the Central New York Overseas Conference on International Trade, held in Syracuse New York promoting dialogue between Upstate New York business, banking and industrial sectors, representatives of Foreign Trade Missions in the U.S. and members of the diplomatic community from Africa, the Caribbean, Central and South America, the Middle East and the Pacific Rim. Among keynote speakers was the Chairman of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation during the Reagan Administration and the Director of the International Economic Policy Section of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
The Pa/Pa organizes Ambassadorial "Good Will" Visits of LDC Diplomats to theCentral New York area and throughout the United States to promote Economic Exchange. Diplomats from Haiti, Nigeria, Malawi, Zambia, the Bahamas, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, the Philippines and the Kingdom of Lesotho participate.
The Pa/Pa serves as consultant to two major Central New York State engineering firms in lobbying for participation in World Bank funded projects in Africa.
The Pa/Pa Initiates development of an innovative long-range project between Nigeria, Haiti and Texas-based oil interests in oil refinery joint venture.
The Pa/Pa serves as consultant in the introduction of a new coffee blending firm from Canada into U.S. markets. Services include:
• research of U.S. Food and Drug
*Administration regulations on   Food Imports and FDA labelling requirements;
• marketing of new product to American food brokers
• negotiations on initial order to major supermarket chain;
• new product marketing, advertising,exhibiting and sampling.
Chairman and Vice-President of the Pa/Pa visit China on "Good Will" People-to-People Exchange Programme developing ties in the field of Culture and Sports sponsored by American Airlines. The Pa/Pa Chairman has highly successful discussions with Officials of the Province of Xingjiang in Urumqi and in Shanghai for the development of future economic, educational and
cultural exchange between the U.S. and China.
The Pa/Pa Co-hosts with the Embassy of Lesotho to the U.S. and the Lesotho National Development Corporation, the "Global Linkages: Investment and Development in Lesotho" Conference at the Sheraton-Carlton Hotel, Washington, D.C. to facilitate American engineering and suppliers participation in the $9.2 billion World Bank-financed Lesotho Highlands Water Development Project.
In the framework of the Pa/Pa-sponsored "Good Will" Ambassadorial visits, "Sister City" and Economic Exchange relationships are explored on the basis of the potential for "mutuality-of-benefit" in trade and joint ventures. The Ambassador of the Kingdom of Lesotho to the United States visits Topeka, Kansas and Columbus, Ohio under the aegis of the Pa/Pa's Economic Exchange programme.
The Pa/Pa launches a national pro-Free Trade/pro-NAFTA Public Information/Education campaign to educate the American public on the North American Free Trade Agreement and its supplemental agreements. The Pa/Pa launches public advocacy programme on 13 September in conjunction with a coalition of American NGOs which is designed to counter the campaigns of misinformation and dis-information launched by anti-NAFTA special interest lobbyists, reinforced by the excesses of the American press.
A key element of the pro-Free Trade/pro-NAFTA public advocacy campaign was the Pa/Pa's testimony submitted to the House Ways and Means Subcommittee on Trade, which is included in the published record of the NAFTA hearings (15 and 21 September 1993) on Capitol Hill. The Pa/Pa also becomes a member of the USA-NAFTA Coalition.
The Pa/Pa provides consultancy services and conducts market research to identify and secure available sources of such commodities as Urea, DAP, Grade "A" and "B" Sugar, Rice, Poultry, Wheat, Oil, Gold and Diamonds on behalf of Buyer's in Africa, Asia, Europe, and North and South America.
 The Pa/Pa provided consultant services (proposal concept and and World Bank funding introductions) to a Bolivian sugar refinery for development and expansion goals.
In September 1996, in conjunction with a Russian Federation Joint Stock Ownership Company, the Pa/Pa hosts an International Trade Pre-Planning Conference at the West PointUS Military Academy's Thayer Hotel, to promote trade between the Russian Federation and import-export companies throughout the world. The Pre-planning Conference is a precursor to the "Russia/USA  'Mutuality-of-Benefit' Conference on Cultural/Educational/Economic Linkages" scheduled to take place in November 1997. A highlight of the Pre-planning Conference is the presentation by a Joint Venture Investment Programme (JVIP) expert.
The Pa/Pa collaborates with a Diamond Cooperative in Guinea, West Africa, to facilitate direct sales with foreign representatives of diamond trading firms.
On 15 January 1997, the Pa/Pa' NGO Representative to the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, presents a paper before the United Nations "International Negotiating Committee for the Elaboration of an International Convention to Combat Desertification," entitled "How to Combat Desertification by Improving the Fertility of the Soil and Promoting the Recovery of Organic Waste Through Earthworm Technology." Current negotiations are underway for the implementation of Earthworm Technology in a number of African countires.
In September 2001, Dr. Pritchard was appointed as Co-Chairman of the Z.E.N.I.T. Multinational Corporation in collaboration with the Chairman of Z.E.N,.I.T., the noted scientist, Prof. Riccardo Reverso of Alessandria, Italy, to estalbish economic development projects that promote sustainable management of the environment using agriculatural practices that are in harmony iwth the envrionment.
The Z.E.N.I.T. project consists of a series of integrated actions aiming at:
1. Development planning;
2. Verification of realizable technology;
3. Evaluation of risks and benefits related to human activities and environmental impact.
The methodological approach of Z.E.N.I.T. applies, sistematically, to all the components operating in the country: educational, socio-economic and research policies aiming at creating a bio-regional culture with immediate targets but also organized in a wide-ranging vision .
Substantially Z.E.N.I.T. proposes to be the reference point to start a kind of development suitable to the environmental safeguard, considering specific circumstances as :  preparation of National actions plans promoted by UNCCD (struggle against desertification, U.N.O.), new set of rules concerning water, soil , waste and fertilizers, realization of the 5th plan (E.U.), indications on energetic consumption (carbon tax) and on differentiate waste (Ronchi law).
Z.E.N.I.T. program intends to set up an entrepreneurial activity aiming at the certification of quality and origin controlled products fully respecting the environment in which they are produced (C.E.D. and C.O.D i.e.Controlled Environment Denomination and Controlled Origin Denomination).  Moreover, this program aims at the efficiency of production processes in observance of the laws defending health and environment, according to the principles of U.N.O. conventions on bio-diversity, climate and fight against desertification.
Scientific and conceptual bases.  Environmental impact.
The project hinges on the application of a series of co-ordinated and innovative technology developed in laboratory on a simulation scale and on pilot plants by RICCARDO REVERSO, researcher  and co-ordinator of research in both italian and foreign Universities.
The application of the above technology allows to transform organic and food waste, agro-industrial and zootechnical waste, plastic and rubber residues into useful marketable products.
This process is carried out at a low temperature, without solid or gaseous residues being released in the atmosphere; in this way there is no need for discharging waste into area landfills, which in turn results in great advantages for the environmental heritage.   In other words, they are zero-impact industrial processes, that is to say free from causing damages to the environment, which work according to natural laws and procedures while increasing and accelerating their development using chemical and microbiological systems.  
Raw materials, raw and second materials (or residues) and specific microbial stocks are used to intervene, by an experimental and control laboratory, on each productive process and to re-introduce the same materials in the cycle. The used technology is then applied in an integrated and co-ordinated way so as to realise a global closed cycle.
Project planning out
From an engineering point of view, the global process governed by the above technology is carried out using a series of autonomous plants which are however linked by their effects.  A research centre represents the focalpoint upon which setting up the whole process.
It includes the laboratory for scientific research and process control as well as the structure for the process engineering, a part of which is used to produce the germination plasma and to bed out the required seeds.
The project includes also an international training school for qualified environmental technicians.  A scientific committee formed by Universities and  public and private corporations will preside over the above research centre.
Last but not least, it will be supported by a one`s  productive and marketing activity, based on the production of microbial stocks, seeds and plants biologically certified, and products to be used for cosmetics and pharmacology production.
As far as each working plant is concerned, the following activities will be enhanced:  
* Production of humus for forest and agricultural use, as well as for the recovery and reclamation of degraded lands which tend to become barren (fully respecting the U.N.O. international conventions regarding climate, bio-diversity and desertification).  It is worthwhile drawing the attention on the desertification process which threatens to become a no-way out problem since it involves larger and larger areas of our planet.  Besides specific circumstances such as forest fires and deep excavation activities on large areas,  this process is mainly due to the techniques commonly applied in agriculture, which exploit the cultivable soils more than they can really tolerate.  As a result, soils are reduced to a simple lithoid skeleton, barren and arid, with no more defence  capability against infesting pathology.   At the height of absurdity, to complete this self-destructive spiral,  pesticides, phytodrugs and synthesis products which are seriously dangerous for man`s health are rashly used in agriculture.
* Production of a second-class humus resulting from raw and second materials which are not selected in origin.  This product, even if prepared following the humification procedure, is not included in the agro-industrial cycle ; it is destined to floriculture and greenhouses.
* Extraction of oils for human diet (olive, soya, peanuts, etc.) by means of specific biochemical processes without using polar or chlorinate solvents, which are by now recognised as carcinogenic for man.
* Production of protein flour for feed production.
* Production of green gas oil resulting from vegetal oils.
* Production of aliphatic hydrocarbons at a very high caloric content from plastic and rubber, paper and rags.  This process is carried out at a low temperature without producing any solid or gaseous residues; the resulting product will be used directly to produce electric power or heating, as well as to mix bunker C fuel oils to be used in thermo-electric plants.
* Fish farming, in both fresh and salt water in autonomous areas.
* Production of meat, milk, cheese, macrobiotic food, resulting from the agro-industrial and zootechnical activities of the centre.
The above centre turns out to be an up-to-date agricultural and zootechnical farm covering an area of about 200 hectars, in which all activities are carried out following entrepreneurial criteria which are typical of the industrial sector.  The activity of this farm is successfully integrated in the next areas while cooperating with the existing farms:  the latter are bound to produce following the technology and the principles fixed by the centre, but in turn their products are guaranteed as marketable products.        
In details, the project will provide for:
1. recycle of waste resulting from the farm activities;
2. use of agro-industrial waste;
3. use of pruning residues (urban and extraurban green);
4. use of waste water resulting from oil and viticulture activities;
5. recycle of plastic and rubber materials resulting from the district;
To achieve the fixed aims, Z.E.N.I.T. has bought the Know-how of the following patents:
1. biochemical process to extract oil from seeds and caryopsis of oleaginous plants;
2. biological process to purify polluted water particularly using fermentation process;
3. process for piloted biological transformation of waste fluids into methane;
4. restoration of infested and poisoned soils using biocide micro-organisms;
5. process for the biological conversion of organic waste into humus by-products and its relevant plant;
6. process for the conversion of biological waste into corrective products to be used for agricultural activities;
7. production of bio-proteins from whey and dairy waste for zootechnical use;
8. purification process for waste water;
9. plastic cracking process and its relevant plant;
10. precious metals refining process .
The above patents have been registered in Europe and in the United States.
The above biological processes, marked Z.E.N.I.T. (i.e. Zero Emission No Impact Technology), have been valued and confirmed by the National Council for Scientific Research and by U.N.O., sector of fight against desertification (UN-CCD).
Territory and immovable properties
The operative unit covers a surface of about 200 hectars, a 40% of which used for buildings and negotiable roads, while the remaining 60% is used for germination plasma laboratories and meat factories.
Z.E.N.I.T. has presented five projects in Italy, all related to agro-industrial and zootechnical sector, in Calabria, Puglia, Sicily, Sardinia and Tuscany, one project in Tunisia and one in California.  All of them have received an extremely positive approval.
In addition, Z.E.N.I.T. has planned a multifunctional plartform for the treatment of solid urban waste, presenting it in Sicily: this project has been approved by the Sicilian Government and it will be used as guideline for the treatment of waste in urban areas.
As a result, three platforms are about to be realised in Palermo, Catania and Siracusa.
The following waste will be treated:
* WASTE FROM OIL INDUSTRIES, with particular reference to exhausted
* SLAUGHTERING WASTE (horns, hooves, blood, etc.);
* PRUNING RESIDUES (extremely important for humus production);
         particular reference to exhausted grapes);
Not only the above solid urban waste should be taken into account, but also an enormous variety of other waste which is abandoned, burnt or buried, or even worse directly discharged into rivers and sea: it turns out to be a real poison capable of destroying and subverting natural ecosystems.  
This waste includes:
* PACKAGES AND MIXED PLASTIC MATERIALS (bottles, containers, etc.);
* VEGETAL AND ANIMAL OILS resulting from restaurants, hotels, etc.;
* EXHAUSTED MINERAL OILS, resulting from service stations, workshops,
           analysis laboratories, medical rooms, nursing homes, etc.
            components that can be used again are recycled while the toxious-noxious
           materials are pre-treated and made inert products;
* LAUNDRY RESIDUES:  the exhausted solvent is distilled to be recycled while
         the residues are burnt;
         recycled while their containers are burnt;
* CONTAINERS FOR PHYTODRUGS:  the used containers are washed and
         recycled using chemical products;
* VARIOUS PRODUCTS, which include a wide range of products, as follows:  
1. Air and gas oil filters;
2. Clutches and brakes;
3. Oily rags;
4. Containers for milk;
5. Various liquids (cleansers, solvents, antifreezes, etc.)
1. Exhausted chemical etching;
2. Liquids used for photo developping process;
3. Printing inks, resins, varnishes and glue;
4. Coloured pigments.
               interesting materials to be recycled; for a return covering the costs, the treatment
       plant should recycle at least 150.000 tons/year of wreckage.
* BULKY SOLID WASTE, including furniture, household appliances, etc.
* WASTE PNEUS AND REFINERY SLUG:  they represent an interesting range
         of products to be used for electric power production.
Environmental impact
Z.E.N.I.T. project has been conceived as highly meaningful to improve the environmental situation since the activities involved are characterized by the following results:
1. No solid or gaseous residues are released in the atmosphere;
2. The purification systems using activated sludge work following absolutely natural processes, according to the concept of saprobic water;
3. All plastic and rubber materials from the district are recycled to be transformed into alternative power,  producing no solid or gaseous residues;
4. All fermentation processes are carried out in a closed environment; before being released, air is sterilized according to the Guidelines of the National Institute of Health and to the laws issued by the European Council on biotechnology.
Especially cognizant of the importance of cultural exchange as an international language through which representatives of businesses can initiate mutuality-of-benefit business enterprises (especially between DCs and LDCs), despite the verbal differences between languages, it was from that particular point of reference that the Italy and USA Co-Chairmen of the Z.E.N.I.T. International Corporation, Ltd. endorsed the American avant garde painter, Kevin John Powell.
As the Corporation’s Artist-in-Residence (whose paintings, drawings, cut-sculpture painting and sculptures will be exhibited in the offices and other installations of the Z.E.N.I.T. International Corporation, Ltd.), Kevin John Powell is also the Artist-in-Residence of the Panamerican-Panafrican Association, Inc., and the 1997 UN Artist Laureate.
Kevin John Powell was born and raised in Moline, Illinois and developed his previously unknown talent as a painter during the period of his student internship at the former Two-Foundation-at-“Applecrest” in Baldwinsville, New York. See Kevin John Powell’s web page on this site.
International Trade Consultants Group**
President and CEO
Dr. Robert Starling Pritchard
Vice President and Corporate Liaison
Kevin John Powell
Vice President for
Market Research & Development
& Executive Director
Henri-Georges Polgar
VP for Administration and Associate Director
Lisa McFarren-Polgar
Aide-de-Camp to Dr. Robert Starling Pritchard
Earl L. Williams (aka Umar Abdullah Abdul Ali)
Legal Counsel
Barbara Merriweather Sims, Esq.
The Panamerican-Panafrican Association
5335 Duke Street Suite 208
Alexandria, Virginia 22304
Tel/Fax: (703) 567-1441
*NITIGE is an acronym for New International Trade Imperatives
for a Global Economy
*Economic Exchange Permanent Programme Unit of the
Panamerican-Panafrican Association, Inc.
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